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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 16  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-36

Posterior approach levator aponeurosis advancement in aponeurotic ptosis repair


Oculoplasty Unit, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MD Molham A Elbakary
Oculoplasty Unit, Department of Ophthalmology, Faculty of Medicine, Tanta University, 31527, Tanta
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1110-9173.157787

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Purpose The aim of the study was to investigate the efficiency, advantages, and disadvantages of posterior approach advancement of the levator aponeurosis in the repair of aponeurotic ptosis. Patients and methods This is a prospective interventional study, which included 27 eyelids of 20 patients with aponeurotic ptosis. The study included only cases with good levator function of 11 mm or more. Patients with significant dermatochalasis were excluded from the study. All patients were treated by posterior approach levator aponeurosis advancement under local anesthesia. Patients were evaluated 1 week, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months postoperatively for margin reflex distance 1 (MRD1), eyelid symmetry, and eyelid crease and contour. Results The study included 27 eyelids of 20 patients with aponeurotic ptosis. The patients' mean age was 44.36 ± 14.47 years. The mean preoperative MRD1 was 1.6 ± 0.5 mm, whereas the mean levator function was 12.6 ± 1.1 mm. The mean operative time was 32.6 ± 5.4 min. The postoperative MRD1 showed significant improvement to 3.7 ± 0.6 mm (P < 0.001). Eighty-five percent showed successful outcome with postoperative MRD1 within 1 mm symmetry with the other eye in unilateral cases or 3.5-4.5 mm in bilateral cases. All cases showed postoperative good natural-looking eyelid crease and contour. Success of the procedure showed no correlation to the results of the phenylephrine test (P = 0.762). Conjunctival granuloma was recorded in 3.7% of patients. Conclusion Posterior approach aponeurotic advancement is an effective procedure for correction of aponeurotic ptosis. It has the advantages of high success rate, good natural-looking eyelid contour, and short operative time, and the results are independent of the response to phenylephrine.


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