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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2018  |  Volume : 19  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 99-105

NSAIDs eye drops versus steroidal eye drops after phacoemulsification cataract surgery


Department of Ophthalmology, Beni Suef University, Beni Suef, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Safaa A.M Aboud
23 Namek Street, Moold El-Naby Square, Beni Suef 62511
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/DJO.DJO_11_17

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Purpose The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy NSAID eye drops in comparison with topical steroids following phacoemulsification cataract surgery. Patients and methods This prospective study included 120 patients with senile cataract who were subjected to phacoemulsification cataract extraction with foldable posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Postoperatively, patients were assigned to two groups: NSAIDs group and steroids group. All patients were subjected to preoperative and postoperative investigations including autorefractometer, slit-lamp examination, indirect ophthalmoscopy, tonometry, and Nassar color plates. Optical coherence tomography was performed for all patients in the last visit. Results No statistically significant differences were found between both groups in visual acuity (0.20±0.15 in the NSAIDs group and 0.20±0.13 in the steroidal group), corneal edema, or anterior chamber reaction (P>0.05). The mean macular thickness for the steroidal patient group was significantly higher than their counterparts in the NSAIDs group (P<0.05). However, both medications proved their efficacy in preventing complications throughout the study. Intraocular pressure showed spikes in the steroidal group patients from the third week till the end of the study. Conclusion Both topical NSAIDs and steroids have the same efficacy in preventing inflammation and corneal edema. However, patients subjected to topical steroids were more likely to develop intraocular hypertension and cystoid macular edema.


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