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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 20  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 166-171

Causes and clinical manifestations of ocular trauma


Ophthalmology Center, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
MD Sameh M Saleh
Ophthalmology Center, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura University, Mansoura 35516
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/DJO.DJO_62_18

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Purpose The aim of this work was to provide data about the causes and nature of ocular trauma and to find the relationship of these causes with age and sex. Patients and methods Patients with all types of eye injuries such as mechanical (by blunt object, sharp object, or foreign body), chemical or physical injuries were enrolled in the current study from April 2015 to August 2015 in both Mansoura Ophthalmic Center and Alsinbelaween Ophthalmic Section. Thereafter, patients were classified according to the demographic information, causes, and nature of trauma. Results This study included 200 patients with ocular injuries. Patients living in urban areas constituted the majority of the cases (123=61.5%), while patients living in rural areas accounted for 77/200 (38.5%) patients. Closed-globe injuries constituted most of the cases (33.75%), while 49.25% were for contusions and lamellar lacerations. Open-globe injuries constituted most of the cases of admitted patients (17% of all patients), and rupture globe accounted for 12% of cases of all patients. Conclusion Blunt trauma is a major type of ocular trauma that can produce marked sudden distortion of the globe, resulting in more severe damage than may be clinically apparent. Severe trauma leads to lesions in the globe ranging from relatively superficial to vision-threatening lesions.


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